Glossary of Aikido Terms

TermsDefinitionDescription
Attacks
katatorishoulder grabkatatori ikkyo, ushiro katatori sankyo
katatetorione-hand grabkatate tori shiho nage
ryotetorigrab both of partner’s wristsryotetori tenchi nage
mune tsukipunch or thrust to the chestmunetsuki kotegaeshi
morote torigrab one wrist with both handsmorote tori kokyu nage
shomen uchidirect strike to the front of the headshomen uchi ikkyo
ushiro katatorishoulder grab from behindushiro kata tori sankyo
ushiro tekubitorigrab both wrists from behindushiro tekubi tori kotegaeshi
yokomen uchistrike to the side of the face or headyokomen uchi shiho nage
Throws
ikkyo
(omote and ura)
first “form” techniquealso, nikyo, sankyo, yonkyo, gokyo for second through fifth form, resp.
kaiten nage
(omote and ura)
“wheel” throwTurn of the wheel
kokyu nagebreath throwthrows relying on timing, body movement and attacker’s speed and strength, rather than joint locks
kote gaeshiwrist turn throw
randoriattack by multiple, usually 4, uke
shiho nage
(omote and ura)
four directions throw
tachi (bokken) torisword wazadeal with sword attacks
suwari wazaseated techniquesactually techniques executed while kneeling
tenchi nage
(omote and ura)
heaven-earth throw
Exercises
fune kogi undorowing exercise
hojo walkposture, moving and breathing exercise during warmups
kokyu hobreath exercisedone in a kneeling position (seiza)
misogi breathing (okinaga)purification breathing
shikkoknee walkingpreparation for suwari waza
Japanese Words + Phrases Used in Day-to-Day Practice
bokkenwooden swordtachi, generic name for a (real) sword
tandencenter of the body, just below the navel
hanmistancelit., half body, as in facing forward with left or right foot forward, in left or right hanmi, respectively
hanmi handachihalf standingtechniques with standing uke attacking a kneeling nage
jiyu wazafreestyle throwingusually rytotetori kokyunage techniques
jostaff
kamaestanceformal posture for attacking or awaiting attack
kokyubreath or breathingkokyu nage, kokyu ho
kyu & danrank, level or grade in martial arts:
ma’aiintervalproper distance between nage and uke for attack and defense
menface or head
tori, or mochihold, have
nagethrow or person throwingshiho nage, irimi nage
onegai shimasupleaseas in, “please work (train) with me”
omote or irimifront entryshiho nage, omote
ryobothryote tori, ryote mochi
seizaformal Japanese sitting, on the knees
senseiteacherHead instructor is Sensei; all other instructors are only addressed as Sensei when they are teaching and on the mat
tantoknife, lit. short swordtanto tori waza deal with knife attacks
tehand
tekubiwrist
toritake, graspkatate tori, ryote tori
uchistrikeshomen uchi, yokomen uchi attacks
ukereceive, i.e. person being thrown, the attacker
ukemithe art of attacking, following and taking the fall“Partner’s ukemi is good”; “we have to work on our ukemi”
ura or tenkanentry to the backikkyo, ura
wazatechnique
zanshinconnectionmaintain zanshin with your partner throughout the waza or training session